شمارۀ جدید فصلنامه (بهار 1403) منتشر شد


Volume 15, Issue 1 (4-2024)                   Social Problems of Iran 2024, 15(1): 79-111 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shiri H, Baradaran M, Javadi A. (2024). Sociological Study of the Perception of Corruption in Iran. Social Problems of Iran. 15(1), 79-111.
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3692-en.html
1- Payame Noor University , hamedshiri2003@yahoo.com
2- Payame Noor University
Abstract:   (50 Views)
Corruption is seen as a pervasive and global problem in all countries of the world, although it is different in terms of type, intensity and generality. This problem has been widely researched due to its economic costs and destructive effects on development trends and quality of governance. However, due to the difficulties of measuring "real corruption", measuring "perception of corruption" has been considered as the best alternative method. In this regard, the article has been done with the aim of measuring the Iranians' perception of corruption and analyzing its causes and consequences. Methodologically, the study was carried out in a documentary Method, by secondary analysis of the WVS 7th wave data. The data was collected in 64 countries in 2020, including Iran. According to the findings, Iranians' perception of financial and administrative corruption is very high. The findings also show that the perception of corruption is influenced by variables such as "education", "population size", "savings rate" and indicators such as "livelihood poverty", "membership in religious institutions", "religious belief" and "media orientation". In terms of consequences, the results indicate that the perception of corruption, in addition to social damages (such as "social dissatisfaction" and "feeling of insecurity") is mainly focused on the consequences that target the political system.
Full-Text [PDF 675 kb]   (20 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Research | Subject: Social problems
Received: 2024/01/19 | Accepted: 2024/04/4 | Published: 2024/06/14

References
1. Ades, A. & Di Tella, R. (1999). Rents, Competition, and Corruption. The American Economic Review, 89(4), 982-994.
2. Adibpour, Mehdi & Karbasizadeh, Sina (2019). The Effect of Oil Rent on Corruption in Selected Meddle East and North Africa Countries (MENA). Journal of Economic modeling, 12(44), 47-72. (in Persian)
3. Adibpour, Mehdi & Mohammadi-viaei, Azadeh (2016). The effects of corruption on economic inequality income distribution. The macro and Strategic policies, 4(14), 153-168. (in Persian)
4. Andersen, T.B., Bentzen, J., Dalgaard, C.J. & Selaya, P. (2011). Does the Internet Reduce Corruption? Evidence from U. S. States and across Countries, The World Bank Economic Review. 25(3), 387-417.
5. Anderson, C.J. & Tverdova, Y. V. (2003). Corruption, political allegiances, and attitudes toward government in contemporary democracies. American Journal of Political Science, 47(1), 91–109.
6. Bahrami, Jaber & Pahlavani, Moseeb (2014). Investigating the impact of democracy and property rights on reducing corruption in MENA member countries. Economic strategy, 3(8), 165-191. (in Persian)
7. Beheshti, Seyed Samad & Khanmohammadi, Ehsan (2020). Investigating the Status of Perceptions of Corruption and Related Factors in Sarpol-e-Zahab City. Applied sociology, 31(80), 45-72. (in Persian)
8. Brunetti, A. & Weder, B. (2003). A Free Press is Bad News for Corruption. Journal of Public Economics, 87(7-8), 1801-1824.
9. Dehghan, Mohsen, Rahmani-Firouzjah, Ali & Abbasi, Aliasghar (2019). The relationship between the perception of corruption and social trust among citizens. Iran’s social issues, 10(2), 131-156. (in Persian)
10. Ebrahimabadi, Gh. (2005). An analysis of the corruption situation in Iran. Parliament and strategy, 46, 190-214. (in Persian)
11. Economist, The. (2005). the curse of oil (the paradox of plenty). Available in http://www.economist.com/node/5323394 (July, 2022).
12. Ellini, Ehsan (2022). The roots and structural processes of economic corruption in Iran (Islamic Republic period). Welfare planning and social development. 13(51), 219-254. (in Persian)
13. Fadaei, Mehdi, Gholipour, Farid & Ghafari, Saeed (2017). Investigating the effect of good governance indicators and government size on the corruption index in BRICS countries and Iran. Public administration perspective, 8(4), 65-88. (in Persian)
14. Gupta, S., Davoodi, H. & Alonso-Terme, R. (2002). Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty? Economics of Governance, 3(1), 23-45.
15. Haerpfer, C., Inglehart, R., Moreno, A., Welzel, C., Kizilova, K., Diez-Medrano J., M. Lagos, P. Norris, E. Ponarin & B. Puranen (eds.) (2022). World Values Survey: Round Seven - Country-Pooled Datafile Version 5.0. Madrid, Spain & Vienna, Austria: JD Systems Institute & WVSA Secretariat.
16. Haghighatian, Mansour & Seifzadeh, Ali (2015). Economic, social, demographic characteristics and perception of corruption among Tehrani youth. Sociological studies of youth, 6(19), 53-80. (in Persian)
17. Hassandoost, Hadi & Yazdanpanah, Leili (2013). Examining the attitude towards administrative corruption and its relationship with social capital. Development strategy, 9(34), 80-114. (in Persian)
18. Hungarian Gallup Institute (1999). Basic methodological aspects of corruption measurement: Lessons Learned from the Literature and Pilot Study. http://www.unodc.org/pdf/crime/corruption_hungary_rapid_assess.pdf.
19. Husted, B.W. (1999). Wealth, Culture, and Corruption. Journal of International Business Studies, 30(2), 339-360.
20. IMF. (2005). The IMF’s Approach to Promoting Good Governance and Combating Corruption: A Guide. Available at: www.imf.org/external/np/gov/guide/eng/index.htm.
21. Jha, C.K. & Sarangi, S. (2017). Does social media reduce corruption? Information Economics and Policy, 39(5), 60-71.
22. Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A. & Mastruzzi, M. (2009). Governance Matters VIII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators, 1996-2008. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4978, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1424591.
23. Khedri, Behzad. Mohammadzadeh-Aghdam, Abdullah & Sadatmomeni, Farideh (2016). Social factors affecting administrative corruption in government organizations of Sanandaj city. Social Welfare, 16(60), 137-167. (in Persian)
24. Kotera, G., Okada, K. & Samreth, S. (2012). Government Size, Democracy, and Corruption: An Empirical Investigation. Economic Modelling, 29(6), .2340-2348
25. Lambsdorff, J. G. (2005). Consequences and Causes of Corruption; What Do We Know From a Cross-Section of Countries? Translated by Farshad Momeni & Marzieh Paknit. Economy and society, 7(25), 227-165. (in Persian)
26. Lederman, D., Loayza, N.V. & Soares. R.R. (2005). Accountability and Corruption: Political Institutions Matter. Economics and Politics. 17(1), 1-35.
27. Leite, C. & Weidmann, J. (1999). Does Mother Nature Corrupt? Natural Resources, Corruption, and Economic Growth. IMF Working Paper. WP/99/85.
28. Mauro, P. (1995). Corruption and Growth. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 110(3), 681-712.
29. Momeni, Farshad & Fitri, Mastoureh (2010). Political Economy of Corruption: Resource Rent, Democracy and Corruption. Economy and society, 7(25-26), 147-163. (in Persian)
30. Montinola, G.R. & Jackman, R.W. (2002). Sources of Corruption: A Cross- Country Study. British Journal of Political Science, 32(1), 147–170.
31. Morris, S. & Klesner, J. (2010). Corruption and Trust: Theoretical Considerations and Evidence from Mexico. Comparative Political Studies, 43(10), 1258–1285.
32. Pakseresht, Soliman & Afshar, zinolabedin (2018). Assessment of program theory of anti-corruption policies in Iran of offer revolution. Strategic Studies of Public Policy, 7(25), 179-201. (in Persian)
33. Paldam, M. (2001). Corruption and Religion. Adding to the Economic Model. Kyklos, 54(2-3), 383-414.
34. Pellegrini, L. & Gerlagh, R. (2004). Corruption’s Effect on Growth and Its Transmission Channels. Kyklos, 57(3), 429-456.
35. Pellegrini, L. & Gerlagh, R. (2008). Causes of Corruption: A Survey of Cross-country Analyses and Extended Results. Economics of Governance, 9: 245-263.
36. Rafipour, Faramarz (2007). The social cancer of corruption. Tehran: Sahami e Enteshar Company. (in Persian)
37. Raghfar, Hossein (2010). The political economy of corruption in Iran. Economy and society, 7(25-26), 115-146. (in Persian)
38. Rose-Ackerman, Susan (2016). Corruption and government: causes, consequences and reform. Translated by Manouchehr Sabouri. Tehran: Fardis Danesh. (in Persian)
39. Rothstein, B. & Eek, D. (2009). Political corruption and social trust: An experimental approach. Rationality and Society. 21(1), 81-112.
40. Rothstein, Bo. (2014). Social Traps and the Problem of Trust. Translated by Mahmoud Sharapour, Mohammad Fazli & Sajjad Fatahi. Tehran: Age Publications. (in Persian)
41. Sadeghi, Hossein. Asari, Abbas & Shaghaghi, Vahid (2010). Measuring financial corruption in Iran using fuzzy logic (economic approach). Economic research, 10(39), 139-174. (in Persian)
42. Seifzadeh, Ali (2016). Investigating citizens’ perception of administrative corruption and demographic variables affecting it (case study: Birjand). Khorasan Cultural-Social Studies, 10(4), 93-114. (in Persian)
43. Sepherdoost, Hamid & Barjisian, Adel (2016). Investigating the indirect effects of corruption on economic growth with an emphasis on the corruption perception index. Quantitative economy, 13(1), 1-29. (in Persian)
44. Shakeri, Abbas & Rajabi, Fatemeh (2021). The relationship between corruption and unproductive activities. Development of humanities. 2 (4), 39-58. (in Persian)
45. Shiri, Hamed (2017). Democratic politics and its influencing factors (secondary analysis of global data with cross-country comparative approach). Sociological studies, 25(1), 61-85. (in Persian)
46. Shokohifard, Siamek, Al-Imran, Roya. Rahimzadeh, Farzad & Farhang, Amirali (2022). The effects of corruption on the labor market in selected member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Economic studies and policies, 9(18), 179-202. (in Persian)
47. TI (Transparency International) (2020). Corruption Perceptions Index 2020: Frequently Asked Questions. https://images.transparencycdn.org/images/2020_CPI_FAQs_ENv2.pdf.
48. TI (Transparency International) (2022). Corruption Perceptions Index. Available in: https://www.transparency.org/en/cpi/2022.
49. Treisman, D. (2000). The Causes of Corruption: A Cross-national Study. Journal of Public Economics. 76(2000), 399-457.
50. World Bank. (1997). helping countries combat corruption: progress at the World Bank since 1997. Washington, D.C. World Bank Group.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Social Problems of Iran

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb