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Volume 14, Issue 2 (11-2023)                   Social Problems of Iran 2023, 14(2): 129-164 | Back to browse issues page


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Daneshgar S, Haghighatian M, Hejazi N. (2023). Sexual Harassment as an Unequal Power in Workplace: (Phenomenological Approach Women middle managers in companies under the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade in the whole country). Social Problems of Iran. 14(2), 129-164. doi:10.61186/jspi.14.2.129
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3648-en.html
1- Islamic Aazad University, Dehaghan branch
2- Islamic Aazad University, Dehaghan branch , Haghighat@dehaghan.ac.ir
Abstract:   (429 Views)
Today, the issue of sexual harassment of women in the workplace is seen in different ways and in most countries with different degrees. It seems that middle management women in organizations are sexually harassed in a different way than low-level women because they have broken the glass ceiling and caused changes in the distribution of organizational power. In this regard, in this research, an attempt was made to obtain a detailed account of the experiences of sexual harassment of middle manager women after promotion and its relationship with the change in the organizational power structure. In order to achieve this goal, an in-depth interview was conducted with 15 female middle managers in production organizations under the ministry of privacy in a phenomenological (descriptive) manner and the experiences of these women with a view to the theories of socialization, gender inequality, sexual harassment and power was analyzed. The results of this research show that organizations through things such as the concealment of male managers in the presence of some facilities for managers, creating a work environment and office different from male managers, interference in administrative affairs from other colleagues and preventing the presence of women in the network Managers of the same rank try to maintain the previous power structure. Also, women middle managers face different forms of sexual harassment. Among them: the irony of hearing from other men and women about how to become a manager, less overt sexual harassment, and more inability to protest sexual harassment.
Full-Text [PDF 660 kb]   (100 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Original Research | Subject: Women
Received: 2023/10/22 | Accepted: 2023/12/30 | Published: 2024/02/9

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