Volume 11, Issue 2 (10-2020)                   مسائل اجتماعی ایران 2020, 11(2): 267-289 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Fallah F, kazemi A, Torkaman F. Reasons and preconditions for living alone among Tehrani women: A Home of Her own. مسائل اجتماعی ایران. 2020; 11 (2) :267-289
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3343-en.html
Abstract:   (757 Views)
In the past, being alone, was rarely the choice of people for their lives, and most of those who lived alone were the elderly or young people who were forced to live alone due to unintended circumstances. . But in today's world, a group of people voluntarily choose this lifestyle. This study seeks to understand the reasons for choosing lived alone life style who have never been married in Tehran. For this purpose, with a phenomenological approach, information has been collected on 13 unmarried women over 40 years of age living in Tehran who have voluntarily chosen to live a solitary life. This number of samples was selected by purposive sampling method and they were interviewed in depth.
Our research findings have shown that many factors such as education, employment and migration are the only facilitators, but most of these factors are family-oriented. On the other hand, these girls have stated reasons such as gaining skills and self-improvement, getting rid of family rules and frameworks, and feeling comfortable. All in all, to have alone life, seems to provide them with a new opportunity to be different and have a home of their own. Being in a way that is less questionable in the face of being single and at the same time provides new opportunities for them to live. The role of the family in choosing loneliness has been different and dual. The family situation and the prevailing cultural atmosphere have sometimes been in opposition to the independence of single girls and in some cases have been supportive. But what was important for these women was to maintain contact and intimacy with the family after leaving the family.
Full-Text [PDF 1463 kb]   (394 Downloads)    
Type of Study: پژوهشی |
Received: 2020/08/16 | Accepted: 2020/11/7 | Published: 2021/03/14

1. Alberta S. J. van der Watt .(2015), "Women's Experience of Being Single" , South Africa:Stellenbosch University.
2. Aliabadi, O. Serajzade, H. (2017). Study of Sololiving phenomenon in a sample of girls in Tehran. Master Thesis of Sociology . kharazmi University.
3. Azad Armaki, T. et al . Cohabitaion; Genesis of New family forms in Tehran. Journal of Cultural Research Society, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies;2013: 3 (1): 43-77
4. Bauman (2003), "Liquid Love", Cambridge: Polity Press.
5. Becker, B. and Charles, N (2006), 'Layered Meanings: The Construction Of the Family In the Interview', Community, Work and Family, Vol. 9, No. 2, : 101-122. [DOI:10.1080/13668800600586894]
6. Beck, U. and Beck-Gernsheim, E., (1995), "Normal Chaos of Love", Cambridge: Polity Press.
7. Budgeon, S. (2008), "Couple Culture and The Production of Singleness", Sexualities, Vol. 11, No. 3: 301-325 [DOI:10.1177/1363460708089422]
8. Carr . D.(2007), "Social and Emotional Well-Being of Single Women in Contemporary America". American:Rutgers University Press.
9. Crompton. S,(1994), "Adults living Solo", Perspectives on Labour and Income, Vol. 6, No. 4: 1-9
10. Dalton . S.(2016), "Lived Experience of Never-Married Women", America University of California, San Diego.
11. Giddens, A. (1992), "The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love, and Eroticism in Modern Societies", Stanford: Stanford University Press.
12. Goudarzi, M. Abdi, A. Cultural Developments in Iran. Tehran. Ravesh Publishing.
13. Jamieson, L., Backett Milburn, K., Simpson, R. and Wasoff, F (2019), "Fertility and Social Change: The Neglected Contribution of Men's Approaches to Becoming. Partners and Parents", The Sociological Review, Vol. 58, No. 3: 463-485. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-954X.2010.01924.x]
14. Javahri, F . Helali Sotoude, M. (2017). The Desire to live Single. Collection of Articles on the Social Situation of the Country. Volume II. 171-211
15. Jones, A. C. (2004) , "Transforming the story: Narrative Applications to a Stepmother Support Group". Families in Society, Vol.85, No.2: 129-139. [DOI:10.1606/1044-3894.242]
16. Langdridge, D. (2007) , Phenomenological psychology: Theory, research and methods. London: Pearson.
17. Khalajabadi Farahani, F . Sadat Hashemi, M (2011). Factors affecting unwanted pregnancy in Tehran. . Journal of Hakim. 5 (3) . 201-207 .
18. Madani Ghahfarkhi, S . (2017). The Situation of Human Development in Iran. Tehran. Parseh Book Translation and Publishing Company.
19. Modaresi Yazdi, F. et al. (2017). Study of social isolation of single girls and socio-cultural factors affecting the study of single girls over 30 years old in Yazd. Journal of Social issues of Iran: 8 (1):121-144
20. Parvin, S. Feleegari, Z. (2018). Lived experience of Girls From Marriage Delay and Coping Strategies Studied in Karaj. Master Thesis of Sociology. Tabatabei University.
21. Papinejad, S, & Karami Ghahi, M . (2013). Socio-cultural contexts of Sololiving of single girls in the metropolis of Tehran. Dissertation, Master Thesis study of women
22. Putnam, R.D., 2000, Bowling Alone, New York: Simon and Schuster Paperbacks. [DOI:10.1145/358916.361990]
23. Retnaningsih Indonesian . U. (2013). Educated Unmarried Career Women: Gender Inequality, Discrimination, and Prejudices. The Ohio State University, USA
24. Roseneil, S.) 2007(, "Queer Individualization: The Transformation of Personal Life in the Early 21st century", Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gemder Research, Vol. 15, No. 2: 84-99. [DOI:10.1080/08038740701482952]
25. Sandra T. Dalton (2009) , Lived Experience of Never-Married Women.
26. Sharp and Ganong.L.(2011) , I'm a Loser, I'm Not Married, Let's Just All Look at Me": Ever-Single Women's Perceptions of their Social Environment. Journal of Family Issues. 956-980 [DOI:10.1177/0192513X10392537]
27. Shelley Budgeon (2016),"The 'Problem' with Single Women: Choice, Accountability and Social Change, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships". 2016, Vol. 33,No. 3: 401-418. [DOI:10.1177/0265407515607647]
28. Spiegelberg, H. (1982), "The Phenomenological Movement, London: Martinus Nijhoff. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-009-7491-3]
29. Solo Living in the Neoliberal Era: Negotiating Ambivalence and Recuperation"
30. Van Manen. (1990), "Researching Lived Experience: Human Science for an Action Sensitive Pedagogy". London, Ontario, Canada: The University of Western Ontario.
31. Vanderstoep, S.W. and Johnston, D.D. (2009), Research Methods for Everyday Life Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
32. Wei-Jun Jean Yeung . Adam Ka-Lok Cheung (2015) , Living Alone: One-Person Households in Asia, Vol. 32: 1099−1112 .
33. Yeung .W.Ka-Lok Cheung .A. (2015), Living Alone: One-person Households in Asia. Demographic Research. Vol.32:1099-1112 [DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2015.32.40]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Social Problems of Iran

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb