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Volume 14, Issue 2 (11-2023)                   Social Problems of Iran 2023, 14(2): 165-200 | Back to browse issues page


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Khani S, Rastkhadiv A, Abdollahi A. (2023). Vandalism in Urban Parks; An analysis on demographic characteristics and the intention and behavior of Vandals in Marivan City. Social Problems of Iran. 14(2), 165-200. doi:10.61186/jspi.14.2.165
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3645-en.html
1- University of Kurdistan , s.khani@uok.ac.ir
2- University of Tabriz
Abstract:   (536 Views)
Urban parks are considered as one of the indicators of community’s development. Vandalism, as a significant and influential factor, leads to the violation of public use level and reducing the environmental and visual quality of urban parks. This study has investigated the determinants of the intentions and behaviors of vandals, as well as the demographic and background characteristics of vandal individuals. This study based on the nature and method of data collection and analysis, is a quantitative descriptive-analytical type that conducted through a survey and researcher-made questionnaire technique. The statistical population of the study was users of city parks in Marivan. The sample size was estimated 277 persons by Mitra-Lankford method due to the lack of specific data on the number of visitors to urban parks. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS software. The results showed that the investigated variables such as weak social commitment and responsibility, social belonging, feeling of inequality and discrimination, resistance and revengefulness towards society have a significant relationship intention and vandalistic behaviors in the expected direction in the parks. Meanwhile, three variables of feeling of inequality and discrimination, social dissatisfaction and weak commitment and social responsibility were identified as the most important determinants. Also, the results indicated that there is a significant relationship between demographic and background characteristics with vandalistic intentions and behaviors, so that gender, education, socio-economic status, place of family residence, as well as occupation affect the phenomenon of vandalism. In addition, in order to determine the quality of the structural model, using the structural equation model with the partial least squares approach, the coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.56 was obtained by Smart-PLS 3 software, which indicates the high accuracy of the research theoretical model in predicting the variables. Based on the results, this article considers the strict punitive measures and severe punishments ineffective in dealing with vandalistic behaviors. Instead, it recommends understanding the youth and directing their leisure time by engaging this potential population in constructive activities.
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Type of Article: Original Research | Subject: Security
Received: 2023/10/17 | Accepted: 2023/11/15 | Published: 2024/02/9

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