Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2020)                   مسائل اجتماعی ایران 2020, 11(1): 7-34 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bakhshi P, Akbari Ghamsari A, Tavallaei N. A Survey of Influential Factors on Weak Neighborhood Relations in 9 Districts in Tehran. مسائل اجتماعی ایران. 2020; 11 (1) :7-34
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3255-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1163 Views)
Neighborhood relationships are regarded as declining social relations among citizens in metropolitan areas. In this research first the neighborhood relations were studied, then the hypothesis of weak relations of neighborhood residents were estimated in Tehran. The factors influenced the variables were investigated according to available theories and approaches. The study considered three viewpoints: Determinism theory, Compositional theory and Subculture theory. Neighborhood relations were explained regarding to two main components of social capital: social trust and social participation as well as the existence and use of public spaces. The data-gathering was conducted through 9 districts from down, center and up areas in Tehran by interviewing 270 respondents. The findings showed that the female and married respondents have a stronger tie to neighborhood relations than the male and married ones. Also, the variables of age, length of residency, type of housing ownership, level of neighbor satisfaction, social participation, interpersonal trust, beliefs on neighbors, place belonging and the use of public spaces have a positive effect on neighborhood relations. On the contrary, the variables of employment, membership in secondary groups, population density and size of neighborhood units, relocation, rationalization, and complex division of labor were in negative relations to neighborhood relationships. As a result, by recognizing the impact of these factors, the way can be paved to prevent the reduction of face-to-face relationships with the neighbors, who are in the adjacent social network outside their homes, and neighborhood relationships can be turned into a social asset. Social participation as a systematic process, in which the people involve consciously and collectively with considering certain objectives, and share the power resources, was found as the most effective factor on the continuity of neighborhood relationships.
 
 
Full-Text [PDF 1692 kb]   (2040 Downloads)    
Type of Study: پژوهشی |
Received: 2020/09/13 | Accepted: 2020/03/29 | Published: 2020/09/16

References
1. ازکیا، مصطفی و غلامرضا غفاری (۱۳۸۰) «بررسی رابطۀ بین اعتماد و مشارکت اجتماعی در نواحی روستایی شهر کاشان»، مجلۀ نامۀ علوم اجتماعی، دورۀ نهم، شمارۀ 17: 3-31.
2. باستانی، سوسن (1369) «بررسي روابط همسايگي آپارتمان‌نشينان شهر تهران»، پایان‌نامۀ کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکدۀ علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه تهران.
3. باستانی، سوسن (1387) «بررسی سرمایۀ اجتماعی شبکه در 10 محلۀ تهران: بررسی جایگاه جوامع محلی در شبکه‌های اجتماعی»، مجله مطالعات اجتماعی ایران، دورۀ دوم، شمارۀ 4: 55-74.
4. توسلی، غلام‌عباس و مرضیه موسوی (۱۳۸۴) «مفهوم سرمایه در نظریات کلاسیک جدید با تأکید بر نظریه‌های سرمایۀ اجتماعی»، مجلۀ نامۀ علوم اجتماعی، دورۀ یازدهم، شمارۀ 26: 1-32.
5. تولایی، نوین و مریم شریفیان ثانی (1382) «سرمایۀ اجتماعی و رفاه اجتماعات محلی»، سمپوزیوم سرمایۀ اجتماعی و رفاه اجتماعی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی، تهران.
6. خاکپور، برات علی و عیسی پیری (1384) «آسیب‌شناسی اجتماعی شهر و نقش سرمایه‌های اجتماعی و کالبدی شهروندان در کاهش آن (دیدگاهی جغرافیایی)»، مجلۀ علوم اجتماعی دانشکدۀ ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، دورۀ دوم، شمارۀ 2: 13-30.
7. خطیبی، اعظم (1396) «تبیین جامعه‌شناختی تعاملات همسایگی و تأثیر آن بر احساس نشاط اجتماعی شهروندان در شهر همدان»، فصلنامۀ مطالعات جامعه‌شناختی شهری، دورۀ هفتم، شمارۀ 22: 107-134.
8. درانی، کمال و زهرا رشیدی (۱۳۸۷) «بررسی تعاریف، مفاهیم و چگونگی ایجاد سرمایۀ اجتماعی (با تأکید بر اعتماد اجتماعی)» ماهنامۀ مهندسی فرهنگی، شمارۀ 17-18: 8-19.
9. رازقی، نادر، محمود شارع‌پور و حسن ابراهیمی گتابی (1395) «بررسی عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر میزان روابط همسایگی مطالعۀ موردی شهروندان ساکن شهر بابل»، مجلۀ جامعه‌شناسی ایران، دورۀ هفدهم، شمارۀ 3: 49-77.
10. رستگار خالد، امير، سميه آران دشتي آراني و زهرا صادقي آراني (1392) «بررسي سرمايۀ اجتماعي همسايگي و پيامدهاي اصلي مرتبط با آن»، مطالعات توسعۀ اجتماعي ـ فرهنگي، دورۀ یکم، شمارۀ 4: 177-215.
11. رفیع‌پور، فرامرز (1378) آنومی یا آشفتگی اجتماعی، تهران: انتشارات سروش.
12. صدیق سروستانی، رحمت‌اله و نوروز نیمروزی (1389) «بررسي ارتباط بين مشاركت در روابط همسايگي و احساس امنيت در محلات شهر مشهد»، دانش انتظامی، دورۀ دوازدهم، شمارۀ 2: 185-220.
13. عارفی، مهیار (1380) «به‌سوی رویکرد دارایی مبنا برای توسعۀ اجتماع محلی»، ترجمۀ نوین تولایی، هنرهای زیبا، شمارۀ 10: 22-33.
14. کامران، فریدون، سیداحمد حسینی و خدیجه ذبیحی‌نیا (1388) «بررسی مشکلات فرهنگی- اجتماعی زندگی آپارتمانی شهر جدید پردیس»، فصلنامۀ پژوهش اجتماعی، دورۀ دوم، شمارۀ 5: 21-40.
15. معیدفر، سعید و پرویز جهانگیری (۱۳۸۸) «اعتماد اجتماعی تعمیم‌یافته و عوامل اجتماعی مؤثر بر آن: مطالعۀ موردی شهر ارومیه» دانشنامه علوم اجتماعی، دورۀ یکم، شمارۀ 1: 47-67.
16. موسوی، سیدیعقوب (1387) «تبیین نظری و جامعه‌شناختی جرائم شهری»، اطلاعات سیاسی- اقتصادی، شمارۀ 144-143: 84-95.
17. یوسفی، علی، محسن نوغانی و مهلا حجازی (1388) «انسجام در شبکه‌های همسایگی شهر مشهد»، مجلۀ جامعه‌شناسی ایران، دورۀ دهم، شمارۀ 25: 138-161.
18. Abrams, P., Bulmer M. (1998), Neighbours: The Work of Philip Abrams. New York: Cambridge University Press.
19. Arefi, M. (2004), "Neighborhood Jump-starting: Los Angeles Neighborhood Initiative", Cityscape, 7(1): 5-22.
20. Berg-Warman, A., Brodsky, J. (2006), "The Supportive Community", Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 18: 69-83. [DOI:10.1300/J031v18n02_05]
21. Beumer, C. (2010), "Social Cohesion in a Sustainable Urban Neighbourhood". Theory Working Paper, 2nd Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods Colloquium. Available at:
22. http://www.icis.unimaas.info/wpcontent/uploads/2010/07/Beumer-2010-Social-cohesion-pdf
23. Bjornstrom, S. (2011), "The Neighborhood Context of Relative Position, Trust, and Self-rated Health". Social Science & Medicine, 73: 42-49. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.05.014]
24. Bullen P., Onyx, J. (1999), Social Capital: Family Support Services and Neighbourhood and Community Centers in NSW. Sydney: University of Technology Management Alternatives.
25. Driskell, R. B., Lyon, L. (2002), "Are Virtual Communities True Communities? Examining the Environments and Elements of Community", City & Community, 1(4): 373-390. [DOI:10.1111/1540-6040.00031]
26. Fukuyama, F. (1996), Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press.
27. Gardner, J. (2011), "Natural Neighborhood Networks: Important Social Networks in the Lives of Older Adults Aging in Place", Journal of Aging Studies, 25: 263-271. [DOI:10.1016/j.jaging.2011.03.007]
28. Giddens, A. (1990), Sociology. New York: Polity Press.
29. Greenfield, E. A., & Reyes, L. (2014), "Continuity and Change in Relationships with Neighbors: Implications for Psychological Well-being in Middle and Later life", Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 70(4): 607-618. [DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbu084]
30. Greenfield, E. A., Scharlach, A. S., Lehning, A. J., & Davitt, J. (2012), "A Conceptual Framework for Examining the Promise of the NORC Program and Village Models to Promote Aging in Place" Journal of Aging Studies, 26: 273-284 [DOI:10.1016/j.jaging.2012.01.003]
31. Pacione, M. (2005), Urban Geography: A Global Perspective, New York: Routledge.
32. Payne, S. M. (2013), Neighborhoods, Social Capital and Economic Success [Unpublished dissertation], University of Louisville.
33. Putnam, R. D. (2000), Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster. [DOI:10.1145/358916.361990]
34. Rapoport, A. (1977), Human Aspects of Urban Form. New York: Pergamon Press.
35. Richardson, V. E., & Balaswamy, S. (2001), "Coping with Bereavement among Elderly Widowers", Journal of Death and Dying, 43(2): 129-144. [DOI:10.2190/Y2Q6-BB75-ENM7-BBYR]
36. Ruonavaara, H & Kouvo A. (2009), Neighbour Relations in Contemporary Society: A Survey of Ideas and a Blueprint for a Frame Work for Investigation. ISA Housing Assets, Housing People Conference. Department of Sociology in Glasgow.
37. Sampson, R. J. & Graif, C. (2009), "Neighborhood Social Capital as Differential Social Organization, Resident and Leadership Dimensions", Journal of American Behavioral Scientist. Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 52 (11): 1579-1605. [DOI:10.1177/0002764209331527]
38. Temkin, K & Rohe, W. (1998), "Social Capital and Neighborhood Stability: An Empirical Investigation", Housing Policy Debate, 9 (1): 61-88. [DOI:10.1080/10511482.1998.9521286]
39. Thomése, F., Tilburg, V., & Knipscheer, C. (2003), "Continuation of Exchange with Neighbors in Later Life: The Importance of the Neighborhood Context", Personal Relationships, 10, 535-550. [DOI:10.1046/j.1475-6811.2003.00064.x]
40. Tonkiss, F. (2006), Space, the City and Social Theory: Social Relations and Urban Form. Oxford: Polity Press.
41. Walker, R.B., Hillier J.B. (2007), "Places and Health: A Qualitative Study to Explore How Older Women Living Alone Perceive the Social and Physical Dimensions of Their Neighbourhoods", Social Science & Medicine, 65(6), 1154-65. [DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.04.031]
42. Wuthnow, R. (1998), Loose Connections: Joining Together in America's Fragmented Communities. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Social Problems of Iran

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb