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jspi 2019, 10(1): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
Experience of social exclusion: case study of Hawramis in Marivan City
Abstract:   (3663 Views)
The aim of the present survey is to intervene and change the condition of social exclusion of Hawramis as a minority group in Marivan. In doing so an approach embedded within the intellectual tradition of France (the relational) with the use of Bourdieu's concepts, in order to explain the social space of the city and its conflicts, as well as the comments of Silverman in the form of three paradigms (integration, specialization, And the monopoly) has been discussing the issue. Our methodology is critical ethnography. Based on this, the issue of social discourse was discussed in three context situations that resulted from the emigration of Hawramis to the city, resulting in the emergence of three discourses in the urban social context. In the context of the first situation, which is characterized by a small and limited migration of the Master-slave system, we are not faced with the problem of exclusion (discourse of integration). The emergence and expansion of the urbanization, the excess migration and importance of market is the second position and the domination of market discourse; the greatest amount of exclusion is experienced in this situation. The third position, which focuses on the experience of young people, is characterized by urban cultural characteristics, participation in associations, increased education and cultural exchanges with Iraqi Kurdistan, forms a discourse that emphasizes Kurdish urban identity. Findings of the research show that Hawramis are excluded in the social and cultural spheres (as acquiement of their distinctions) and the reaction of the Hawramis is  distinguishing between themselves and the Sorans through social groups and group activities; however, according to Three age groups (young, middle-aged, elderly) and four immigration zones (Hawraman Takht, Lahoon, Jawarood, and Shamian) have different experiences. The most socially encountered experience of exclusion is between Hawramis Hawraman Takht and middle age group. ignorence of distenctions of Hawramis (cultural and social) from Soranis, success of Hawramis in economic field with thier failure in cultural and social field can be the main cause of exclusion.
Keywords: Social Exclusion, Minority, Acquirement of Distinctions, Social Field, Critical Ethnography, Hawramis
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Type of Study: پژوهشی |
Received: 2018/05/2 | Accepted: 2019/05/13 | Published: 2019/09/1
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Experience of social exclusion: case study of Hawramis in Marivan City. jspi. 2019; 10 (1)
URL: http://jspi.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2840-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 1 (9-2019) Back to browse issues page
مسائل اجتماعی ایران Journal of Social Problems of Iran
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