Volume 12, Issue 1 (4-2021)                   مسائل اجتماعی ایران 2021, 12(1): 143-166 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Science, School of Humanities, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran; Assistant professor of sport management, University of Neyshabur, Neyshabur, Iran
Abstract:   (476 Views)
The prevalence of Covid-19 has played an important role in constructing of physical and social sports spaces and the nature of participation in sports has changed. This study was intended to analyze active levels of sport participation in Iran during the outbreak of Coronavirus. This was a qualitative study. Data were collected using interview and observation methods and analyzed by thematic analysis. “Regular participation”, “irregular participation” and “elite level participation” were extracted as three main themes from the classification of meaningful patterns of actors. Their main categories are " exercise simulation at home", " pretend consumption of exercise" and "social responsibility", respectively. Important data were also obtained from analysis the active levels of participation in sports (educational sports, recreational sport and sport for all, championship sports and professional sports). The main theme at the level of educational sport was "uncertainty”; sub themes include: “content distribution" "geographical gistribution ", “inherently passive “and “Marginal position “. At the level of recreational sport and sport for all the main theme was " evolution " with sub themes: "exercise in isolation", "eliminate of sports entertainment", "background limitations on participation" and "Change in access to education and training. Also at the level of championship and professional sports were “functional challenge" with sub themes: "show and self-expression”, “identity challenge", "advertising and sales”. The effects of this period on participatory levels in sports require in-depth analysis over a longer period of time. Although elimination of physical exercise spaces has led to a lot of sedentary in the short range, but it has provided opportunities for communication between levels of participation for review by sports researchers, which can contribute to more sustainable participation at the grassroots level.

Full-Text [PDF 1458 kb]   (227 Downloads)    
Type of Study: پژوهشی |
Received: 2020/09/23 | Accepted: 2021/02/27 | Published: 2021/09/3

References
1. اله وردی‌پور، حمید (1399). چالش جهانی ارتباطات سلامت: اینفودمی در پاندمی بیماری کرونا ویروس. آموزش و سلامت جامعه، دوره 7، شماره2 :۶7-۶5.
2. بنار، نوشین؛ دستوم، صالح؛ گوهر رستمی، حمید‌رضا و محدث، فاطمه (1397). طراحی مدل توسعه مشارکت ورزشی مطالعه موردی استان گیلان. مدیریت منابع انسانی در ورزش، دوره 5 شماره 2: 234-217.
3. عرب نرمی، بیتا؛ گودرزی، محمود؛ سجادی، سیدنصرالله و خبیری، محمد (1397). تحلیل وضعیت ورزش حرفهای در تلویزیون ملی ایران. مطالعات مدیریت ورزشی، دوره 10 شماره 47: 38ـ.17.
4. قاسمی، حمید؛ مظفری، امیر‌احمد و امیرتاش، علی محمد (1386). توسعه ورزش از طریق تلویزیون در ایران. پژوهش در علوم ورزشی، شماره 17: 143-131.
5. Atalanta-Valencia Champions League Clash Accelerated Coronavirus Spread Chief Doctor. (2020) (n.d.). Retrieved from: https://www.espn.com/soccer/uefa-european-championship/story/4078701/atalanta-valencia-champions-league-clash-accelerated-coronavirus-spread-chief-doctor. (Accessed 28 April 2020).
6. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3: 77-101. [DOI:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa]
7. Bremmer, I. (2020). Why COVID-19 may be a major blow to globalization, Retrieved April 24, 2020, from https://time.com/5796707/coronavirus-global-economy/.
8. Brochado, A., Quelhas Brito, P., & Brochado, F. (2017). Correlates of Adults' Participation in Sport and Frequency of Sport, Science & Sports, 32(6): 355-363. [DOI:10.1016/j.scispo.2017.03.005]
9. Chen, P., Mao, L., Nassis, G., Harmer, P., Ainsworth, B., & Li, F. (2020). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): The Need to Maintain Regular Physical Activity While Taking Precautions, Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9(2): 103-104. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2020.02.001]
10. Evans, B. A et al. (2020). Sport in the Face of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Towards an Agenda for Research in the Sociology of Sport, European Journal for Sport and Society, 17(2):85-95. [DOI:10.1080/16138171.2020.1765100]
11. General Administration of Sport of China (GAS) (Ed.). (2008). Chinese Sport in Thirty Years of Reform and Opening Up. Beijing: People's Sports Publishing House of China. Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS 2.0) in 15 nations. Maidenhead: Meyer & Meyer Sport.
12. Gratton, C., & Taylor, P. (2001). Economics of Sport and Recreation. London: Spon Press.
13. Green, M. (2007). Policy Transfer, Lesson Drawing and Perspectives on Elite Sport Development System, International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing, 2: 426-441. [DOI:10.1504/IJSMM.2007.013715]
14. Hassanzadeh-Rad, A., & Halabchi., F. (2020). Stadiums as Possible Hot Spots for COVID-19 Spread, Asian J Sports Med, 11(2): e103178. [DOI:10.5812/asjsm.103178]
15. Jakovljevic, M., Bjedov, S., Jaksic, N., & Jakovljevic, J. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemia and Public and Global Mental Health from the Perspective of Global Health Security, Psychiatria Danubina, 32(1): 6-14. [DOI:10.24869/psyd.2020.6]
16. Lee, Y. G., & Bhargava, V. (2004). Leisure time: Do Married and Single Individuals Spend it Differently? Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 32: 254-274. [DOI:10.1177/1077727X03261631]
17. Mull, F. R, Bayless, G.K., Gamieson, L. (2005). Recreational Sport Managemen, 4th Edition, Human Kinetics.
18. Mutter, F., & Pawlowski, T. (2014). Role Models in Sports-Can Success in Professional Sports Increase the Demand for Amateur Sport Participation? Sport Management Review, 17(3): 324-336. [DOI:10.1016/j.smr.2013.07.003]
19. Okumus, F., Niekerk, M., Koseoglu, M. A., & Bilgihan, A. (2018). Interdisciplinary Research in tourism, Tourism Management, 69: 540-549. [DOI:10.1016/j.tourman.2018.05.016]
20. Prochaska, J.O., DiClemente, C.C., & Norcross, J.C. (1992). In Search of How People Change: Applications to Addictive Behaviors. American Psychology, 47(9): 1102-1114. [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.47.9.1102]
21. Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E.L. (2008). A Self-Determination Theory Approach to Psychotherapy: The Motivational Basis for Effective Change, Canadian Psychology, 49(3): 186-193. [DOI:10.1037/a0012753]
22. Scheerder, J., Vanreusel, B., Taks, M., & Renson, R. (2002). Social Sports Stratification in Flanders 1969-99, International Review for Sociology of Sport, 37: 219-245. [DOI:10.1177/1012690202037002006]
23. Shilbury, D., Sotiriadou K. P., Green, C. B. (2008). Sport Development Systems, Policies and Pathways an Introduction to the Special issue, Sport Management Review, 11: 217-223. [DOI:10.1016/S1441-3523(08)70110-4]
24. Sport England (2004). Driving up Participation: The Challenge for Sport. London: Sport England.
25. Tokyo 2020 Postponement Task Force Launched. (2020). Retrieved from: https://tokyo2020.org/en/news/tokyo-2020-Postponement-task-force-launched. (Accessed 22 April 2020).
26. Toresdahl, Br.G., Asif, I. M. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Considerations for the Competitive Athlete. Sports Health, 12(3): 221-224. [DOI:10.1177/1941738120918876]
27. Wen, J., Wang, W., Kozak, M., Liu, X., & Hou, H. (2020). Many Brains are Better than One: The Importance of Interdisciplinary Studies on COVID-19 in and beyond Tourism, Tourism Recreation Research, 1(4): 1-5. [DOI:10.1080/02508281.2020.1761120]
28. World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report -51. Geneva: WHO.
29. Wu, Z., Mc Googan, J. M. (2020). Characteristics of and Important Lessons from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72314 cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Preventio. JAMA. 323(13):1239-1242 [DOI:10.1001/jama.2020.2648]
30. Zarocostas, J. (2020). How to Fight an Infodemic? Lancet, 395 (10225):676. [DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30461-X]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.