Volume 8, Issue 2 (2-2018)                   مسائل اجتماعی ایران 2018, 8(2): 29-54 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Abstract:   (1640 Views)
Symbolizing social exclusion in modern society, “begging” is often associated with various reproducing factors such as government, people and beggars. Due to citizens’ role in reproduction of begging, current research studies citizens’ approach to begging and its typology in three dimensions of attitudes, tendency and action. Present study was conducted using a survey method and a questionnaire instrument was distributed among 600 male and female citizens, aged 15 to 65 years old, in Tehran city who were selected through multi-stage cluster of systematic random and simple random sampling methods. The results showed that in terms of helping beggars, four types of citizens are recognizable, including mighty helpers, ordinary helpers, neutral and indifferent helpers, and non-helpers and relative majority of them are among ordinary helpers. Also, there is a relationship between “citizens helping beggars” and attitude towards begging action, tendency towards helping beggars, belief in prevalence of poverty in community, belief in role of people in expanding begging and the sense of duty toward helping beggars. Results also indicate that although the general flow of citizens' attitudes towards begging action is negative and identify begging as immoral, non-professional, rooted in individual reasons, lacking positive effect for helpers and so on, but approach of a group of respondents is somewhat paradoxical. This group, while believing that helping beggars results in expansion and deepening of this phenomenon in society and ultimately hurts individuals and society, they still believe that the beggars need some kind of pity and help, and helping them is a human and religious duty and therefore obligatory.
Full-Text [PDF 961 kb]   (935 Downloads)    
Type of Study: پژوهشی |
Received: 2018/02/18 | Accepted: 2018/02/18 | Published: 2018/02/18

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.